Have you walked through your home and counted the number of drains you actually have? Probably not. So until there is a problem, most people do not think about their pipes or what is done to clean them after something goes wrong.
It takes the right skill and proper equipment to do an effective, long-lasting, and thorough drain-cleaning job. Some companies focus on a “punch-and-run” approach, in which they simply make a hole in a clog rather than clean out and flush the pipe. At Drain King, we focus on doing the job right. To us, the punch-and-run approach is only putting a Band-Aid on a problem that will return sooner than necessary. To properly clean drains, you need the right diagnoses of the problem, the proper equipment, the correct size cleaning-head attachment, and a professional who will take the proper time to make sure the drain is fully cleaned.
There is a difference between just unclogging a drain and cleaning a drain line. A good drain-cleaning professional will have a clear understanding of this and likely know the cause of any clog. If you look around your house, you’ll find a variety of different drains that need to be kept clean so they work properly. Kitchen drains, shower and bath drains, bathroom sink drains, toilet drains, and floor drains all lead to the main sewer-line drain connecting your home to the city system or your septic tank. Done correctly, a professional drain cleaning will ensure the entire system is running properly.
At Drain King, we provide several services to assist customers and companies with sewer system repair and maintenance. But what is a commercial sewer system and how does it work?
A sewer system is comprised of a centralized network of pipes that collect both wastewater and stormwater from multiple sources and transports it to a sewer facility for treatment or disposal. Urban sewer systems are typically one of two types: 1) a combined system, in which both sanitary wastewater (comprised of liquid and waterborne wastes) and stormwater share the same pipeline, or 2) a separate system, where wastewater and stormwater travels in separate pipelines, called the storm sewer.
Ideally, a sewer system is gravity-powered. Drainage pipes from each building (i.e. residences, commercial buildings, industrial complexes, etc.) flow to a sewer main that runs down the middle of the street. The sewer mains flow into the treatment plant, which is usually located in a low-lying area. Once there, the water goes through one, two, or three stages of treatment, depending on the capabilities of the plant.
The first stage is called Primary Treatment. Holding pools allow waste solids to settle and the scum to rise. The system then collects the solids for disposal. If this is the only stage of treatment, the water is chlorinated to kill the remaining bacteria before it’s discharged.
The second stage, called Secondary Treatment, uses bacteria in large, aerated tanks to remove organic materials and nutrients from the wastewater, which then flows to settling tanks, where the bacteria settle out. This treatment removes up to 90 percent of all solids and organic materials from the wastewater.
The third stage, Tertiary Treatment, can vary, depending on the community and the composition of the wastewater. Typically, chemicals are used to remove phosphorous and nitrogen from the water, but filter beds may also be used. Any remaining bacteria are killed by adding chlorine, and the wastewater is discharged.
While many commercial businesses can connect to a centralized sewer line provided by local governments or private corporations, the regulation and requirements are different in every city. Businesses are typically charged for usage based on the amount and content of the wastewater that is processed. For example, restaurants require systems that are capable of managing oils, fats, greasy substances, and food items. Fats, oils, and grease (FOG) are one of the leading causes of sewer overflows and maintenance concerns in sewer systems across the United States, and must be carefully monitored and controlled.
For areas without an existing sewer system, establishing centralized sewer services can draw businesses to the community and promote commercial growth. Without a system in place, businesses are forced to rely on in-ground septic tanks, a type of onsite sewage facility. Wastewater is collected and stored in a holding tank that is installed on the property. Regular preventative maintenance is required to remove solids that settle at the bottom of the tank, which often becomes the responsibility of the resident or property owner. If neglected, septic systems can pose a variety of problems for the owner. They can also cause pollution levels to exceed acceptable limits, harming plant and animal life.
Here at Drain King, we can help you with all of your sewer-system needs. Please contact us at 888-391-6241 or visit our website for more information. We can answer any questions you have.